Access here the definitions of keywords

This glossary has been developed for the sole purpose of facilitating the use of the results of this study. It provides definitions and examples of the use of the terms relating to the information and data presented on the site concerning children in judicial proceedings. It does not include definitions of legal terms which may vary between Member States and legal commentators.



Any person below the age of 18 years.

Child-friendly justice

The Council of Europe Guidelines on Child-friendly Justice, define child-friendly justice as “justice that is accessible, age appropriate, speedy, diligent, adapted to and focused on the needs and rights of the child, respecting the rights of the child including the rights to due process, to participate in and to understand the proceedings, to respect for private and family life and to integrity and dignity.”

Contextual indicators

Indicators that provide background information on the situation of child offenders, victims and witnesses or children in other roles involved in judicial proceedings. For example, CRIM009.1 Children arrested during a 12 month period per 100,000 child population is a contextual indicator.