Access here the definitions of keywords

This glossary has been developed for the sole purpose of facilitating the use of the results of this study. It provides definitions and examples of the use of the terms relating to the information and data presented on the site concerning children in judicial proceedings. It does not include definitions of legal terms which may vary between Member States and legal commentators.


Observable elements

variables that are scored when it has not been possible to score a Masterlist Indicator relating to a safeguard. Instead aspects of the indicator have been recorded with nominal scores. A particular Masterlist indicator may have several different observable elements. For example, CRIM050 Statutory provision on the right of child (suspected) offenders to information in a child-friendly format - that takes into account any special needs of the child - about rights, charges and procedures from the child's first contact with a competent authority, has four observable elements: provision is in legislation; provision that child offender has right to receive information; information is provided on first contact; and, information is in child friendly format.

Outcome indicators

Indicators that record the effects of the safeguard measures on children. Such indicators ideally require systematic surveys and unfortunately very few data are available. For example, CRIM052 Evidence (e.g. via reporting) that child (suspected) offenders understood their rights, and the charges brought against them in the criminal justice process is an outcome indicator.